New Caledonia is rightly described as a paradisaical place and this stunning territory located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean lies just above the Tropic of Capricorn, between the east of Australia and the west of New Zealand.
The geography of the terrain incorporates important and protected areas such as The Grand Terre, which extends some 450km in length and is 50km wide, with its geological origins providing evidence as to the incredible scope of its biodiversity.
It is perfectly understandable why so many tourists want to witness the natural wonders of New Caledonia for themselves, and you will find cruise itineraries that offer this opportunity when you search for a cruise holiday in the area through a company like this one.
Although New Caledonia enjoys a tropical climate, it is actually a tempered climate, which means that the weather is very rarely too hot or too cold. Noumea is a good example of this, as the temperature there generally stays somewhere in the middle of 15 to 36 degrees all year round.
Fragmented ancient continent
Although the neighboring islands are volcanic, New Caledonia is a fragment of a once ancient super continent formed some 60 million years ago. This super continent included Australia and Antarctica, and when New Caledonia became detached, it became an island in its own right, which protected it from subsequent development and destructions.
These geological origins help to explain how New Caledonia today enjoys extensive biodiversity and astounding levels of endemism.
There are so many natural sights to enjoy when you visit New Caledonia and if you visit Grande Terre you will witness the mountain range called La Chaine, which divides the area down the middle. The East Coast provides unspoilt views of lush vegetation, imperious waterfalls and wild rivers, all treated with the utmost respect by the native Kanak lifestyle, which remains preserved and dedicated to working with and not against the land.
If you head to Noumea then you will encounter a city that is a fine example of multiple architectural styles and mixed heritage. You will find that the very first wooden colonial houses coexist alongside Art Deco cottages from the 1930’s and the contrasting style of the 1960’s housing that consisted of cylindrical volumes and flat roofs.
When the French took control of New Caledonia, it was originally a penal colony and some of the original buildings have been renovated and re-designed. If you pay a visit to Fort Teremba in the region of Bourail, you will see further evidence of the history of the territory and the magnificent house of the Commander, who once oversaw the work of the prisoners in the late 1800’s.
If you ask anyone in New Caledonia about King Nick, you will soon discover that is actually a nickname given to describe the importance of Nickel, which is the very lifeblood of economic sustainability for the area.
The ore has been mined since the late nineteenth century and three mine operators are based in New Caledonia, making it one of the five largest producers of nickel in the world. Crucially, the territory is also renowned for being innovative in their research and efforts to achieve an acceptable level of synergy between economic development and ensuring that the environment remains suitably protected.
If you plan a trip to New Caledonia, you will soon discover that there is plenty of opportunities to explore the many manmade and natural wonders that this unique place on the planet has to offer.
Ryan Posa has discovered some of the world’s most beautiful and exotic destinations. As General Manager of Cruise Republic, he has traveled across the Pacific aboard a number of ships to find the best locations to experience. Follow Ryan’s travel adventures here on Twitter.